Diagnosed With Diabetes? What’s Next?

Diabetes is characterized by the high level of sugar in the blood and is one of the chronic health issues faced by most people across the world. The hormone insulin which is produced by the pancreatic gland regulates your blood glucose level. Insulin removes sugar from your blood and transfers it to your body cells to be used as energy or to get stored. During diabetes either your pancreatic cells don’t produce enough insulin or your body cells can’t use the insulin effectively. Diabetes is a lifelong disease that can be controlled with medicines like trajenta and insulin treatment.

Diabetes can be mostly categorized under the following two categories:

Type 1 Diabetes-

It is an autoimmune health issue where your immune system starts attacking your pancreatic cells and restricts the secretion of insulin. Around 10% of diabetes patients suffered from type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes-

During type 2 diabetes, your body cells become resistant to insulin as a result of which the sugar gets built in your blood.

Diabetes should be taken care of on time as undiagnosed and uncontrolled sugar levels may damage your nerves, eyes, kidneys and other vital organs of your body.

Diabetes Symptoms

Although both type 1 and type 2 diabetes have different symptoms yet share some common symptoms like:

  • Excessive hunger and thirst
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurred fatigue
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Wounds that take time to heal

If these symptoms are seen and persist for a long time then consult your doctor and seek help.

Treating Type 1 Diabetes

If you get diagnosed with type 1 diabetes then it means that your pancreatic cells can’t make enough insulin. For managing type 1 diabetes your doctor prescribes insulin treatment.

Type 1 diabetes patients need to take insulin daily mostly through injections. However, some people use insulin pumps to deliver insulin in their body which then regulate your blood sugar level thus controlling type 1 diabetes. Insulin can be of the following types:

Rapid-Acting Insulin – This type of insulin starts working within 15 minutes after being administered and continues to show action till 2 to 4 hours.

Short-Acting Insulin – Short-acting insulin starts to work in about 30 minutes and lasts for about 3 to 6 hours.

Intermediate-Acting Insulin – This insulin won’t enter your bloodstream immediately after the shot. It takes around 2 to 4 hours to start working and will last for around 12 to 18 hours.

Long-Acting Insulin- This type of insulin takes several hours to show its effect and keep working for more than 24 hours.

Treating Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a serious health condition where your body cells can’t use insulin properly. This result in an elevation in blood sugar level which can lead to other chronic health conditions. After getting diagnosed with type 2 diabetes your doctor may prescribe effective medication like trajenta oral pill. Sometimes along with medication, your doctor may suggest dietary changes and regular exercise.

What Is Trajenta?

Trajenta is an anti-diabetic medicine that contains linagliptin which is a prostaglandin analogue. Trajenta along with a healthy diet and regular exercise is used to reduce the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Besides managing your type 2 diabetes trajenta also reduces the risk of getting diabetes complications like blindness and kidney damage. The doctor may prescribe trajenta alone or in combination with other anti diabetic medicines like metformin.

Most of the time doctors firstly prescribe dietary changes and exercise which if doesn’t work then the doctor goes for trajenta along with them.

How To Take Trajenta Pill?

The recommended dose of trajenta is 5 mg. It can be taken with or without food but it is recommended to take it at a fixed time daily. Consult your doctor before having trajenta and read the patient leaflet carefully. Do not chew or break the tablet, swallow it as a whole pill.

How Does Trajenta Works?

Trajenta contains linagliptin which is a prostaglandin analogue. It helps in controlling the blood glucose level by stimulating the pancreatic gland to produce more insulin. It also decreases the amount of glycogen hormone produced by the pancreas. This glycogen hormone compels the liver to produce more sugar. So by decreasing the amount of glycogen, trajenta helps in reducing the blood sugar level.

Trajenta Side Effects

Some of the most common side effects of trajenta are:

  • Sore throat
  • Nausea
  • Increased level of lipase in blood

Trajenta may also lead to some severe side effects like:

  • Hives
  • Shortness of breath
  • Skin blistering

Dietary Modifications

To manage your blood sugar levels your doctor may recommend dietary changes along with trajenta or any other anti diabetic pill. Having a balanced and healthy diet not only improves your overall health but is also found to be helpful in managing your blood sugar levels.

Follow the dietary changes mentioned below to control the level of sugar in your blood:

  • Eat a nutritious diet including whole grains, fibrous fruits, green veggies, healthy fats and lean proteins.
  • Don’t overload your plate, instead split your meal into small meals throughout the day.
  • Don’t eat too much.
  • Skipping meals will cause a lowering in your blood sugar level too much which can adversely affect your health. So don’t skip your meals.

Before making any change in your diet firstly consult your doctor or your dietitian.

Exercise

Regular exercise not only helps in shedding extra weight but also helps to reduce high blood sugar levels. For controlling type 2 diabetes, an adult should follow the following exercise routine:

  • Do at least 3 to 4 hours of mild workout a week.
  • Include aerobic exercises like rowing, swimming, walking, cycling in your daily exercise routine.
  • Also do resistance exercises like weight lifting, calisthenics and yoga which help you to increase your strength.

Apart from trajenta, you can also opt for other pills like metformin, Sulfonylureas, Glinides, Thiazolidinediones and GLP-1 receptor agonists on your doctor’s prescription for controlling blood sugar levels.

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